(Corrects day in paragraph 4 to Monday)
* Death toll in five days of violence now at 49
* Curfew imposed on Port Said, Ismailia and Suez
* President Mursi calls for national dialogue
* Sceptical opposition to review invitation
CAIRO, Jan 28 (Reuters) - Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi
declared a month-long state of emergency in three cities on the
Suez Canal, where dozens of people have been killed in protests
that have swept the nation and deepened a political crisis
facing the Islamist leader.
Hundreds of demonstrators in Port Said, Suez and Ismailia
turned out against the decision within moments of Mursi's
announcement late on Sunday that came after the death toll from
protests and violence that erupted last week hit 49 people.
Most deaths were in Port Said, where 40 people were killed
in just two days. Riots were sparked on Saturday when a court
sentenced to death several people from the city in a case of
deadly soccer violence last year. Mourners at Sunday's funerals
in the port, where guns are common, turned their rage on Mursi.
The violence in Egyptian cities has now extended to a fifth
day. Police again fired volleys of teargas at dozens of youths
hurling stones early on Monday near Cairo's Tahrir Square, where
opponents have camped for weeks to protest against Mursi, who
they say betrayed the revolution that overthrew Hosni Mubarak
two years ago.
"We want to bring down the regime and end the state that is
run by the Muslim Brotherhood," said Ibrahim Eissa, a
26-year-old cook, protecting his face from teargas wafting
towards him from police lines near Tahrir, the cauldron of the
Propelled to power in a June election by the Brotherhood,
Mursi's presidency has lurched through a series of political
crises and violent demonstrations, compounding his task of
shoring up a teetering economy and preparing for a parliamentary
election to cement the new democracy in a few months.
"The protection of the nation is the responsibility of
everyone. We will confront any threat to its security with force
and firmness within the remit of the law," Mursi said, offering
condolences to families of victims in the canal zone cities.
Appealing to his opponents, the president called for a
national dialogue on Monday at 6 p.m. (1600 GMT), inviting a
range of Islamist allies as well as liberal, leftist and other
opposition groups and individuals to discuss the crisis.
"WASTE OF TIME"
The main opposition National Salvation Front coalition said
it would meet on Monday to discuss the offer. But some opponents
have already suggested they do not expect much from the
gathering, raising the prospect of poor attendance.
"Unless the president takes responsibility for the bloody
events and pledges to form a government of national salvation
and a balanced committee to amend the constitution, any dialogue
will be a waste of time," Mohamed ElBaradei, a prominent
politician who founded the Constitution Party, wrote on Twitter.
Hamdeen Sabahy, a firebrand leftist politician and
presidential candidate who is another leading member of the
Front, said he would not attend Monday's meeting "unless the
bloodshed stops and the people's demands are met."
The response highlights Egypt's deeply polarised politics.
Although Islamists have swept to victory in a parliamentary poll
and presidential vote, the disparate opposition has been united
by Mursi's bid late last year to expand is powers and fast-track
a constitution with an Islamist hue through a referendum.
Mursi's opponents accuse him of listening only to his
Islamist friends and reneging on a pledge to be a president for
all Egyptians. Islamists say their rivals want to overthrow by
undemocratic means Egypt's first freely elected leader.
The Front has distanced itself from the latest flare-ups but
said Mursi should have acted far sooner to impose extra security
measures that would have ended the violence and laid the blame
for the escalation squarely on Mursi's shoulders.
"Of course we feel the president is missing the real problem
on the ground, which is his own polices," spokesman Khaled
Dawoud said. "His call to implement emergency law was an
expected move given what is going on, namely thuggery and
Even in Tahrir Square, some protesters said the violence and
the death toll in Port Said and other cities along the strategic
international waterway meant there was little choice but to
impose emergency law, though they, too, said the violence was
"They needed the state of emergency there because there is
so much anger," said Mohamed Ahmed, 27, a protester walking
briskly from a cloud of teargas spreading into Tahrir Square.
But activists in the three cities affected have pledged to
defy the curfew that will start at 9 p.m. (1900 GMT) each
evening and will last until 6 a.m. (0400 GMT).
Some opposition groups have also called for more protests on
Monday, which marks the second anniversary of one of the
bloodiest days in the revolution that erupted on Jan. 25, 2011,
and brought an end to Mubarak's iron rule 18 days later.
Rights activists also said Mursi's declaration was a
backward step for Egypt, which was under emergency law for
Mubarak's entire 30-year rule. His police used the sweeping
arrest provisions to muzzle dissent and round up opponents,
including members of the Brotherhood and even Mursi himself.
Heba Morayef of Human Rights Watch in Cairo said the police,
still hated by many Egyptians for their heavy-handed tactics
under Mubarak, would once again have the right to arrest people
"purely because they look suspicious", undermining efforts to
create a more efficient and respected police force.
"It is a classic knee-jerk reaction to think the emergency
law will help bring security," she said. "It gives so much
discretion to the Ministry of Interior that it ends up causing
more abuse, which in turn causes more anger."
(Additional reporting by Shaimaa Fayed in Cairo and Yusri
Mohamed in Ismailia; Editing by Will Waterman)